Sempervivum tectorum are considered to be low-growing evergreen succulent plants that resemble rubbery roses a little. They are classified as rock garden plants or alpines, due to their drought resistance ability and hardiness. The initial rosette, the ‘Hen’ produces small rosette offsets which are referred to as the ‘Chicks.’.
Sempervivium is a Latin word that means “live forever.” They do not truly live permanently, however, considering that they produce many ‘chicks’ or plantlets, they appear to last forever. Plus, even in cold environments, they stay evergreen throughout the year. Sempervivum tectorum are likewise difficult, drought-resistant plants.
Inside information about Sempervivum tectorum
Leaves: Thick, fleshy pads set up in 3 to 4 inches rosettes. The leaves are normally pointed, some of them also have purple tips. Also, there are many varieties with green leaves and tones of red.
Flowers: An odd-looking thick flower stalk with star-shaped flowers at the tip of red or mauve-pink is produced by the fully grown plants. The flower stalk grows up to 8 to 12 inches prior to flowering. When the plant flowers, the mother plant then dies.
Typical Names: Sempervivum tectorum, Houseleek, Roof Home Leek
Hardiness Zone: Sempervivum tectorum are extensively adaptable.
Sun exposure: Partial shade to full sun. Sempervivum tectorum grows best in an area with full sun, however, some afternoon shades will be valued, in incredibly hot environments.
Fully grown Size: These plants are not tall, other than when they stretched out to flower. Anticipate your Sempervivum tectorum plants to reach a size of about 3 and 6 inches, 6 inches high, and 12 inches wide.
Flower Duration: Sempervivum tectorum are not always grown for their flowers, however, when they finally do, it is common during summertime.
Varieties of Sempervivum tectorum
There are numerous varieties, however, you’ll most likely need to visit a specialized nursery or brochure to discover the majority of them. The majority of nurseries merely offer the common Sempervivum tectorum
Sempervivum tectorum ‘Boissieri’ – Bronze tinged leaves that have rusty tips.
Sempervivum tectorum ‘Sundown’ – Brilliant green leaves with tones of orange and red.
Sempervivum tectorum ‘Curiosity’ – Intense green leaves with black tips and quilled edges.
Sempervivum arachnoideum (Cobweb houseleek) – Associated types with white threads, like a web, throughout the rosette.
Designing your garden with Sempervivum tectorum
Sempervivum tectorum can be used in the garden, however, they can get lost. Planting a big patch or using them along edges will assist them in standing out.
Planting them in a pot while raising the pot off the ground will make them more featured. A timeless method to feather them remains in strawberry pots, though they will need to be divided as they grow out of the pot. They are likewise natural with some hypertufa planter or any sort of stone container.
You have the ideal environment for growing Sempervivum tectorum if there is a rock wall or rock garden. Let them curtain over a rock wall or tuck them into the crevices. Stone offers the best balance of drainage, convected heat, and protection of their roots.
Another choice is blending creeping sedum with Sempervivum tectorum, to make a great yard option in no traffic spots.
How to Grow Sempervivum tectorum
They can be quickly grown on average, with slight wetness to dry, well-drained soils, full sun. They like gravelly or sandy soils and can perfectly tolerate some light shade. They also withstand poor soils. They have the ability to endure some drought and require perfect soil drainage to perfectly perform.
Although, they can not withstand overwatering. These plants are always evergreen and they spread out by offsets so as to form nests. Mother plant passes away after flowering and ought to be removed immediately from the garden.
Soil: Sempervivum tectorum, just like the majority of succulents, require an outstanding drain. Poor, sandy soil would be simply great. Although to lighten it and enhance drain, you might work some peat into much heavier soil,. Soil pH ought to remain in the neutral variety, 6.6 to 7.5.
Planting Sempervivum tectorum
Sempervivum tectorum can be planted from seedlings, seeds, or by offsets dividing. Do not plant your Sempervivum tectorum too deeply. A shallow hole needs to be dug and spread out the roots. After that, cover towards the crown of the plant and carefully tamp the soil until the plant is firm in the ground. Water gently, however, you do not really need to water freshly planted Sempervivum tectorum every day, as you would with those that aren’t succulents.
Allow the roots of Sempervivum tectorum to dry in between waterings.
Growing Sempervivum tectorum from Seed
The seeds can easily be sprinkled over a gravel mix or soil and kept reasonably damp till they grow. Some fine gravel also needs to be sprinkled around them as mulch once they grow. Seeds are typically begun in pots and after that moved to the garden as seedlings. The seed can be started in the fall and then transplant in the spring.
How to Divide Sempervivum tectorum
Naturally, sempervivum tectorum will spread out by underground roots. Expect each plant to multiply itself by at least 4 times during the growing season, by producing little offset plantlets all around the border of the ‘Hen.’ These are the ‘Chicks.’ These Chicks can be replanted in other places at any time by snapping them.
Sempervivum tectorum, frequently called houseleek originated from the southern European mountains. It is a mat-forming succulent, evergreen that generally forms rosettes, up to 4 inches across 50 to 60 thick glabrous leaves (up to 1.5 to 3 inches long) that are often purple-tipped.
Rosette foliage generally grows to 4 inches high. The mother rosette, which is called the hen, spreads out in all instructions by horizontal stems to form the small babies (offsets) and they are called ‘chicks’.
During the summer season, leafy, pubescent, upright blooming stalks increase from the hen up to 12 inches high topped with cymes of red-purple flowers.
Immediately after the hen blooms, it sets seed and passes away leaving the chicks to complete the cycle and spread, thus the often used common name for this plant.
These plants are mainly grown in gardens because of their uncommon and attractive foliage.
Sempervivum was once planted on roofs of homes in Europe for a variety of factors, consisting of fending off fire or lightening, holding slates in place, and supplying emergency salad food in the winter season.
Genus name originated from two Latin words ‘semper’ which means ‘always’ and ‘vivus’ which means ‘alive’ or ‘living’.
Particular epithet originated from the Latin words ‘tectum’ which means roof.
Sempervivum tectorum plants care
Once developed, the caring of sempervivum tectorum is very minimal.
The chicks will need to be divided as needed and the old hens removed after they flower. Other than in exceptionally hot, dry circumstances, you will not even need to provide extra water. No fertilizer is required.
When planted in groups or massed, they grow best and can be used in border front, rock garden, rock crevices, ground cover, along stone walls, and so on.
Pests and insects
This plant normally grows without any problem, unless it is exposed to excessive wetness. Crown rot will happen in damp soils. A fungi disease, Endophyllum rust, can affect some varieties, but if they are grown in dry conditions, both issues can be prevented.